Gender and Belief Systems:
Proceedings of the Fourth Berkeley Women and Language Conference


The Fourth Berkeley Women and Language Conference was held April 19-21st, 1996 at the Berkeley Conference Center, Berkeley, California
Proceedings were edited by Natasha Warner, Jocelyn Ahlers, Leela Bilmes, Monica Oliver, Suzanne Wertheim, and Mel Chen.


The topic of the Fourth Berkeley Women and Language Conference was Gender and Belief Systems. This includes such issues as expression of spirituality; how language reflects beliefs about gender; beliefs about the language of particular groups; and the interaction of language and gender with religions, political, social, cultural or intellectual systems.

Beliefs of many types are often taken for granted both in studies of language structure and in those of gender. Belief commonly serves as a starting point, but is not investigated in its own right. This topic encourages works exploring the foundations of ideological/epistemological constructs.


Table of Contents

EILEEN P. ANDERSON
"You think...I think": Toward an understanding of girls' psychological conflicts using a voice-centered relational method of interview analysis
VICTORIA L. BERGVALL
Divided minds: Gender polarization in brain and language research
MONIQUE BIEMANS & RENÉE VAN BEZOOIJEN
The effect of masculinity and femininity on pitch
LEELA BILMES
Gender differences in Thai near-death narratives
JANET M. BING
Discovering hidden values: A frame analysis of teaching evaluations
RENÉE BLAKE & SIGRID MÜLLER
The coming of the third industrial revolution: Will women again be relegated to service positions?
LISA BLAND
The humorous side of butch and femme
DIANA BOXER & ANDREA TYLER
A cross-linguistic view of harassment
JILL BRODY
Competition as cooperation: Tojolab'al women's barter
ALYSA BROWN
Genderlects on the tennis courts: An analysis of female athletes' linguistic behaviors
MARY BUCHOLTZ
Geek the girl: Language, femininity, and female nerds
MARISA CASTELLANO
Building community across different belief systems: An ethnographically informed perspective on the role of narrative and dialogue
MELINDA YUEN-CHING CHEN
Conceptualization of homosexuality: A group-based view
JENNIFER CURTIS
"He sorta raped her": Hedging and re-education for batterers
JILL DOWDY & DEBORAH KELLER-COHEN
Signifying in African American women's confession magazines
PENELOPE ECKERT
Vowels and nail polish: The emergence of linguistic style in the preadolescent heterosexual marketplace
SUSAN EHRLICH & SUSAN LEVESQUE
Discursive practices, point of view and the representation of sexual harassment
SUZANNE FLEISCHMAN
Writing a woman's profession: Women's relation to the scientific voice
GLENN FRANKENFIELD
Gender difference and phonological selection
ALICE F. FREED
The language of pregnancy: Women and medical experiences
HIROKO FURO
Linguistic conflict of Japanese women: Is that a request or an order?
RUDOLF P. GAUDIO
Funny Muslims: Humor, faith, and gender liminality in Hausa
DEBORAH GÜNZBURGER
Gender adaptation in the speech of transsexuals: From sex transition to gender transmission?
KIRA HALL
Lexical subversion in the hijra community
JENNIFER HAY
Problems and paradoxes of language and gender research
CAITLIN HINES
She-wolves, tigresses, and morphosemantics
JANET HOLMES
Women's role in language change: A place for quantification
LANITA JACOBS-HUEY
Negotiating social identity in an African American beauty salon
DEBORAH JAMES
Derogatory terms for women and men: A new look
CHERYL JOHNSON
Race, gender, and belief: The case of the O.J. Simpson defense
SCOTT FABIUS KIESLING
Cultural models and alignment roles in fraternity men's discourse
AMY KYRATZIS, DONNA TROUSDALE & MARDI KIDWELL
Gender and science: Epistemic stances in girls' and boys' scientific discourse
ROBIN TOLMACH LAKOFF
The (rise and fall and)n of Hillary Rodham Clinton
ELAINE J. LAWLESS
Images of God in Christian women's sermons: Finding God
WILLIAM LEAP
Fruit Loops and naughty places: How the language of gay city reflects the politics of urban gay experience
A.C. LIANG
The Dharma Talk as a therapeutic discourse
ANNA LIVIA
Fear of sewers: Who sees this? Who thinks this? Who says this?
JONATHAN D. LOFTIN
"Women's knowledge" and language choice at the Fourth Cultural Congress in Otavalo, Ecuador
YOSHIKO MATSUMOTO
Does less feminine speech in Japanese mean less femininity?
BONNIE MCELHINNY
Strategic essentialism in sociolinguistic studies of gender
JANET S. MCINTOSH
Professed disbelief and gender identity on the Kenya coast
DEIRDRE H. MCMAHON
"Her greatest wish fulfilled": Motherhood in medical texts
JOHN MCWHORTER
Bringing gender into creole studies
MIRIAM MEYERHOFF
My place or yours: Constructing intergroup boundaries in Bislama
ELAINE K. MILLER
Engendering Hillary: Editorial cartoon frame-ups
YOSHIMI MIYAKE
Women and the deferential particle o in Japanese
GABRIELLA MODAN
Roving hookers and homebody johns: Images of stability, movement, and otherness in the reporting of prostitution arrests
JENNIFER MONAHAN
The language of préciosité: Stereotypes of women's language writ large?
BIRCH MOONWOMON-BAIRD
Lesbian conversation as a site for ideological identity construction
SHIGEKO OKAMOTO
Representations of diverse female speech styles in Japanese popular culture
ESRA G. ÖZYÜREK
Feeling tells better than language: Emotional expression and gender hierarchy in the sermons of a Turkish Islamic leader
DON PETERKIN
Prostitutes and primitives: Blamed, framed and blended in "African AIDS" discourse
PIA PURRA
"None of the boys aroused anything special in me": Transitivity as a linguistic belief system
KATHLEEN C. RILEY
Engendering miscommunication in the Marquesas, French Polynesia
SUZANNE ROMAINE
Why women are supposed to talk like ladies: The glamour of grammar
FILOMENA SANDALO
Gender and social class in Kadiwéu phonology
UMA SHRESTHA
You have got to have a son!
MERYL SIEGAL & SHIGEKO OKAMOTO
Imagined worlds: Language, gender and socio-cultural "norms" in Japanese language textbooks
BETH LEE SIMON
Gender, language, and literacy in Banaras, India
DEIRDRE SNYDER
"The cause of all the mirages": The twisting of tropes in Delmira Agustini's "Visión"
ELIZABETH A. STRAND
Gender beliefs and expectations affect fricative perception
LISA M. STULBERG
Let's talk about sex: The negotiation of discourse and the critical potential of classroom talk in a sex education classroom
LIISA TAINIO
Gendered everyday myths in a Finnish conversation: Stories about a first visit to the home of prospective in-laws
SARA TRECHTER
The intersection of grammar, metalinguistic knowledge and ideology in Lakota gendered speech
RENÉE VAN BEZOOIJEN
The effect of pitch on the attribution of gender-related personality traits
KATHRYN A. WOOLARD
Language and gender in urban Catalonia

Papers from the Panel "A retrospective on progress in the field since the 1983 publication of Language, gender, and society"

NANCY M. HENLEY
Comments
CHERIS KRAMARAE
Strengths/successes and snags/nags
SALLY MCCONNELL-GINET
Language, gender, and society: Personal reflections on its ancestry and its offspring
BARRIE THORNE
How has feminism changed the study of language? Looking across the disciplines

Presented at the 1994 Berkeley Women and Language Conference

BONNIE MCELHINNY
"I teach talk only, not language": Writing the scholarship of Hester Lynch Thrale Piozzi into histories of eighteenth century linguistics

Also presented at conference but not included in these proceedings:

NIKO BESNIER
Talking on the margin and negotiating identity in Tonga, South Pacific


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