|Table showing suffix allomorphy in elicited morphological categories:|
|Verbs||long infinitive ("citation")||-mEk|
|"I" ranges over the four high vowels of Turkish
(in our phonemic transcription system, [i~i@~u~u@]).
"C" ranges over the voiced and voiceless affricates, [c~c@]. "E" ranges
over the two nonround nonhigh vowels [e~a]. "D" ranges over the voiced
and voiceless coronal plosives, [d~t]. Turkish has progressive vowel harmony
and voicing assimilation rules governing these alternations. The parenthesized
glides surface when the stem ends in a vowel.
Example: kitap, meaning 'book', was elicited in
the nominative as kitap, in the accusative as kitabi@, in
the professional as kitapc@i@ 'bookseller', and in the predicative
as kitabi@m 'I am a book'. (Note the pragmatic oddness of the last
form; our consultant generally provided such forms anyway). An example
elicited verb is almak 'to take' in the long infinitive, alar
'takes in the aorist, and aldi@rmak 'to make take' in the causative