Berkeley Phonetics Machine
The Berkeley Phonetics Machine (BPM) is a virtual machine with software for doing phonetics already installed.
The current BPM derives from the Berkeley Common Environment (BCE) machine image, which is used in a variety of classes and workshops on the UC Berkeley campus.
The BPM is described in a paper to be presented at Interspeech 2016.
In order to use BPM your computer must support virtualization and
- be able to run VirtualBox. Currently VirtualBox supports the running of VMs on host machines with 32-bit and 64-bit Intel-compatible processors, running Windows, OS X, Linux, and Solaris.
- have sufficient disk space (approximately 14GB minimum)
- have sufficient RAM. We recommend you reserve a minimum of 1GB for the virtual machine.
- virtualization support must be enabled in your computer's setup. Our recent experience with Windows machines indicates that virtualization is often present but disabled. For these users the virtual machine will not boot until virtualization is enabled in the system setup. See the BCE guide to enabling virtualization. If you are not comfortable making changes in your system setup, consult with someone who is.
- Download and install Virtualbox.
- Download the 2016-2-preview image (recommended) or 2015-spring public virtual machine image. (If you are a Ling113 student, it is generally better if you use the version distributed by your instructor, which will contain additional software and/or data specific to the course.)
- Open Virtualbox.
- Click File, Import appliance...
- Find the .ova file you downloaded (probably in your Downloads folder), and click Continue.
- In the Appliance Settings dialog box you can change the amount of RAM dedicated to the virtual machine; the default is 1024MB (1GB). If your computer does not have much RAM you might reduce this number *before* you start up the virtual machine. For example, if your computer has only 2GB of RAM, you cannot allocate 2GB to your virtual machine and have enough left for the host computer to continue to run. The amount of RAM you need to leave available to the host computer depends on how much your operating system and open applications need.
- Click Import.
Previous machine images:
Summer 2016 preview
A preview machine image for Summer 2016 is available. Take a look at some of the updates.
Shared folders are folders that reside on the host machine and are accessible to the virtual machine. These are optional but highly recommended. First, it is convenient to be able to access files from both the host and the guest machines. Second, if the guest machine becomes damaged and fails to boot, the files in the shared folder will still be accessible on the host machine. If necessary, you can simply import the BPM again and start working with the data in the shared folder.
These are the steps to create a shared folder:
- Use your file manager to create a folder on your host computer, e.g.
bpmshareon your Desktop, or wherever you like.
- Return to Virtualbox, select your virtual machine, and click Settings, Shared Folders.
- Click the + icon to add a shared folder.
- In 'Folder path', browse to the folder you created and choose it.
- Also click 'Auto mount' so that this folder will automatically be available in the virtual machine when you start it.
- Click 'OK' to leave Settings.
When you boot the machine the shared folder will be mounted under
/media with an
sf_ prefix, for example,
Booting the machine
Now you're ready to boot the BPM. Make sure your virtual machine is selected in VirtualBox and click Start. The machine will boot and automatically log in as user 'oski'.
The 'BPM documentation' link on the desktop will open this wiki page.
Shutting the machine down
You can choose to shut the machine down, or you can simply suspend it and save the current state. With the first option, the machine will boot fresh the next time you start it. With the second all of the applications currently open at the time you suspended the machine will return to their previous states.
To shut the machine down, click on the Menu, then the Shutdown icon.
To suspend the machine, take the machine out of fullscreen mode, then click the close button on the host window that encloses the machine. Choose 'Save the machine state' from the dialog box.
The BPM includes a variety of software packages for doing phonetic research:
- OpenSesame psychology software
- Praat phonetic analysis
- klsyn speech synthesis
- convertlabel - utility for converting between label file types
audiolabel- Python library for reading label files, such as Praat textgrids
- ifcformant - Inverse Filter Control formant tracker
- esps utilities
- Penn Phonetics Lab Forced Aligner (p2fa) - This package is installed but non-functional because it depends on the HTK toolkit, which is not installed in the BPM distributed to the public. See the following section for instructions on how to install HTK with the
- display_acq - A Matlab tool for displaying multichannel physiology signals of the type created in the UC Berkeley Phonology Lab. This requires a Matlab Component Runtime (mcr) that can be installed with
- EdgeTrak - An MS Windows tool for viewing and analyzing ultrasound images. Requires that the
wineWindows emulator be installed. In this case either
bpm-updatecan do the job. To install the packages necessary for running EdgeTrak open a terminal and give these commands:
sudo bpm-update bpm-update sudo bpm-update sources-list sudo bpm-update wine # Use the tab key to select the license agreement. sudo bpm-update edgetrak
After installation, configure
wine by clicking on Applications > Wine > Configure Wine > Graphics tab > check 'Emulate a virtual desktop'.
To run EdgeTrak, open a terminal and give the command:
Installing and updating additional packages
In addition, the BPM provides the
bpm-update utility that performs installation of software packages that may not already be available in Ubuntu and that might be of interest to a subgroup of linguists.
To use the
bpm-update utility, do:
sudo bpm-update <target>
In this command
<target> identifies the package to be installed or updated. To see a list of available
sudo bpm-update htk
prompts for your user registration credentials, then automatically downloads, compiles, and installs the HTK toolkit.
The current version of BPM is shown in the file
version.txt on the machine desktop.
Sharing with colleagues
You can customize your machine and share it with colleagues. Simply shut down the machine, then in VirtualBox choose File, Export appliance.... Choose the machine you wish to export, then click Continue. Provide a filename in the Storage Settings dialog (we recommend that you not overwrite the existing BPM file). Customize the Name and Description fields of the Appliance Settings dialog if you wish, then click Export. The
.ova you named will be created, and you can send it to another user.
.ova file is quite large, probably 3GB or more, and a good way to share it is to use box.net. Berkeley affiliates have access to 50GB of storage on box.net through their Bconnected accounts. Go to [http:/bconnected.berkeley.edu Bconnected] and follow the link to Box.
We recommend that you do not use the BPM to access accounts or web sites that you do not wish to share with the world. When you export an appliance to share with others, all of the data stored in the machine is shared. You might not want to share your web history, ssh keys, or other personal information. Comments on privacy, secrets.
Enabling symlinks on shared folders
From the host system, while the guest is powered off:
VBoxManage setextradata VM_NAME VBoxInternal2/SharedFoldersEnableSymlinksCreate/SHARE_NAME 1
Use the name of your VM and the shared folder name in place of VM_NAME and SHARE_NAME.
See https://www.virtualbox.org/ticket/10085#comment:14 for an explanation of why this command is necessary.