This paper analyzes two patterns of number marking in DP in Nez Perce (Penutian) within the framework of Distributed Morphology. The first involves under-realization of plural on nouns. Number has classically been understood as a feature inherent to nouns, rather than to adjectives that modify them. In Nez Perce, however, only a small set of nouns show number morphology, whereas number morphology is highly productive on adjectival modifiers. Adjectives in fact may realize the plural more than once per word -- an instance of multiple exponence. … [more]
A probe H interacts with feature F by copying F back to H. A probe H is satisfied by feature G iff copying G back to H terminates further probing for G by H. In this short paper, I introduce the distinction between interaction and satisfaction and give an argument that interaction and satisfaction features need not be the same. A probe may interact with the entire phi-set even though it is only satisfied by one particular phi-feature. Empirical evidence comes from complementizer agreement in Nez Perce, where the C probe interacts with all phi-features but is only satisfied by the feature [addressee].
This paper studies two aspects of movement in Nez Perce relative clauses. First, I argue that relativization involves cyclic A' movement, even in monoclausal relatives: the relative element moves to Spec,CP via an A' outer specifier of TP. Second, I provide a new argument from connectivity in morphological case for the view that some but not all relatives are derived by head-raising… [more]
Nez Perce is one among many ergative languages that consistently use nominative case, rather than ergative, for 1st and 2nd person transitive subjects. For the synchronic grammar of this type of ergative split, two major lines of analysis have been proposed. Morphological analyses approach the phenomenon as a case of syncretism between ergative and nominative in 1st and 2nd person; all transitive subjects are assigned an identical syntax. Syntactic analyses posit a featural or structural distinction between 3rd person subjects and 1st and 2nd person subjects, or the clauses containing them … [more]
A graduate seminar on semantic variation and crosslinguistic formal semantics, with emphases on definiteness, countability and modality.
This is an introductory course in formal semantics for both undergraduates and graduate students.
At Sinn und Bedeutung 20, University of Tübingen.
Course at the LSA Summer Institute 2015, University of Chicago.
The Investigation of Linguistic Meaning: In the Armchair, in the Field, and in the Lab, Wissenschaftskolleg zu Berlin / National Humanities Center.
At Generative syntax in the 21st century: the road ahead, Athens; and University of Leipzig. [handout]