A Dictionary and Text Corpus of the Karuk Language

Karuk Dictionary

by William Bright and Susan Gehr (© Karuk Tribe)

This is the public version of Ararahih'urípih. Click here for the password-protected private version (which includes some restricted-access text content).

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-a deverbative

-aan Agentive

-ach Diminutive (nouns)

-ach Diminutive (verbs)

-aha / -ahi- Essive

-aha / -ahi- Modal

-ahiv time; occasion

-ak Locative; at, in, to

-an Participial

-ap inverse marker used when certain subjects and objects are reversed, in particular when the action is being done to the second person ('you')

-ap marker used for certain subjects and objects with negated verbs

-apa / -apu- Essive

-apuh having been ...-ed

-ar / -an- go in order to

-ar / -ara- having been ...-ed

-ar / -ara- having, characterized by

-ar / -ara- Instrumental; Agentive

-as / -asa- Plural

-at Past tense

-ávak above

-ávan Animate

-avraa over

-avrath into a sweathouse

-avrik in response to motion

-avrin in opposite directions

-áyaachha / -áyaachhi- well, in a good way

-chak closing up

-eep away from (a person)

-êep refuse from ...-ing

-fak / -faku- down from uphill

-fip completely

-fur / -furu- into(?)

-fúruk into an enclosed space; indoors; inside a living house

-ha / -hi- Denominative

-haak when (relative)

-haan former, ex- (divorced spouse or relative of divorced spouse)

-haar / -haara- including ...; ... and all

-han month of the year

-han Participle

-hanik Ancient tense; long ago

-hara Negative

-heen Anterior tense

-heesh Future tense

-hiich imitation, make-believe

-hiichva imitation, make-believe

-hinva toward

-hipux / -hiipux without

-hírak where

-hiram place

-hírurav too, too much