A Dictionary and Text Corpus of the Karuk Language

Violet Super (1917-2006)


(Source: Eureka Times-Standard, December 5, 2006)

Violet Ruth Super passed away in her sleep as a result of a fire that destroyed her home on the evening of November 29, 2006, in Orleans, California. She was born on her family's Indian Allotment, known as "Butlers Flat", on the Salmon River in Siskiyou County on December 3, 1917, lived all her life along the Klamath and Salmon rivers, and kept a home for several years in Castella and Dunsmuir south of Mt. Shasta. She was a full-blooded member of the Karuk Tribe of California. Her family was from the villages of Ka'timîin, Ike's and Ameekyáaraam. Her Indian name was Vasihtínihich. She was a fluent speaker, teacher and strong advocate of the Karuk language. She lived her life full of vim, vigor and vinegar, always young at heart.

She was preceded in death by Elvis; her grandparents, Red Cap Jenny, Red Cap Johnny and Susie Charles; parents Bob and Mary Johnny; husbands Leonard Super and Orel "Heem" Hillman; brothers Martin, Dave, Dan and Theodore Johnny; sisters Agnes, Carolyn, and Hazel Johnny; and nieces Hazel Wilder-Ward and Roselynd Norris-Tungate; and special cousins Ramona Tripp-Starritt and Elizabeth Snapp. She is survived by her cousins Josephine Peters, Burl and Frank Grant Sr.; nieces Jeanerette Jacups-Johnny, and Marlene Crumpacker-Wilder; and numerous great-nieces and nephews, great-great-nieces and nephews, great-great-great-nephews; and all those that met, knew and loved her by simply calling her Auntie.

Short recordings

Click here to see a list of words and short phrases recorded by Violet Super.

Texts associated with Violet Super

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Year Title Text ID
audio icon 1989   Conversation: Weaving GD-MD-VSu-01
audio icon 2004   Violet Cooking VSu-01
audio icon 2004   Violet's Picture VSu-02
1989   Violet's Dog VSu-03
audio icon 2004   Violet Working VSu-04
audio icon 1989   Sentences about weather and cooking VSu-05
audio icon 1989   Why the eel has no bones VSu-06