Santiago del Estero Quechua
|Stop/affricate||p||t||tʃ||k ɡ||q ɢ|
Alderetes, Jorge. 2001. El quechua de Santiago del Estero. Universidad Nacional de Tucumán.
Phonemes /b/ and /d/ are found in Spanish loans, while /ɢ/ is probably a loan from a neiɡhborinɡ indigenous lanɡuaɡe. It appears in apparent loans for local fauna and flora. Mid vowels in this variety also appear to be borrowed.
Alderetes does not distinguish /x/ and /χ/ as separate phonemes, but his description indicates that their distribution is not predicatable, suggesting that they are contrastive.