The Northern Yukian language was traditionally spoken from the Coast Range bordering the Sacramento Valley to Fort Bragg on the coast. It has three distinct dialects: Yuki, spoken in the upper drainage of the Middle Fork of the Eel River; Huchnom, spoken on the lower Eel River; and Coast Yuki, spoken on the Pacific coast between Fort Bragg and Usal Creek. In pre-contact times, there were approximately 6880 speakers of Yuki, 2100 of Huchnom, and 750 of Coast Yuki (Cook 1956). Today, there are no first-language speakers (Golla 2011).
Northern Yukian is a Yukian language; the other member of this family is Wappo.
Selected archival materials at Berkeley
- Foster, George. 1944. A summary of Yuki culture. Berkeley: University of California Press.
- Golla, Victor. 2011. California Indian languages. Berkeley: University of California Press.
- Sawyer, Jesse O. and Alice Schlichter. 1984. Yuki vocabulary. Berkeley: University of California Press.
- Schlichter, Alice. 1978. English-Yuki vocabulary. M.A. thesis, University of California, Berkeley.
- Schlichter, Alice. 1985. The Yukian language family. Ph.D. dissertation, University of California, Berkeley.