Vowels

Exercises on vowel transcription, production, and acoustics.aka vocal fold vibration.

#ExerciseDescription
3.1Primary Cardinal Vowels Learn to identify the Primary Cardinal Vowels as spoken by Daniel Jones and Peter Ladefoged.
3.2Secondary Cardinal Vowels Learn to identify the Secondary Cardinal Vowels as spoken by Daniel Jones and Peter Ladefoged.
3.3Vocal Tract Resonance Calculate resonant frequencies (F1, F2, F3) in uniform tubes.
3.4Saying the Primary CVs Learn to say the Primary Cardinal Vowels.
3.5Saying the Secondary CVs Learn to say the Secondary Cardinal Vowels.
3.6MRIs of Cardinal Vowels See if you can identify Cardinal Vowels from saggital MRI.
3.7Vowel Muscles Review of (some of the) muscles involved in vowel production.
3.8Formants of [ɑ] Calculate F1-3 of a two-tube model of the vocal tract.
3.9Formants in two-tube models Calculate F1-3 of a two-tube model of the vocal tract.
3.10Perturbation Theory Use the principles of Perturbation theory to predict formant frequencies.
3.11Formants in an [i] model. Calculate F1-3 of a three-tube model of the vocal tract.
3.12Transcribe vowels. Use the IPA to transcribe the vowels in a minimal set in a particular language.
IPA Practice
3.aIsolated vowels Work with a partner, and practice IPA Production and Transcription.
3.bIsolated vowels, more difficult Work with a partner, and practice IPA Production and Transcription.
3.cVowels in context Work with a partner, and practice IPA Production and Transcription.