South American Phonological Inventory Database (SAPhon v1.1.5)

 
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Find language by phonemes

This search tool allows you to find languages by specifying which phonemes are present in their phonological inventories and/or by specifying phonemes which phonemes are absent from their inventories.

To include phonemes in an inventory, or to exclude them, click on the chart below. To include a particular phoneme in the inventory, click on the appropriate IPA symbol in the chart below, so that it turns blue, like this: t. To exclude a particular phoneme from the inventory, click on the appropriate IPA symbol twice, so that it turns red, like this: t. Clicking on an IPA symbol a third time will deselect it entirely. Note also that you can click on the RESET label in the lower right hand corner of the table to deselect all symbols.

The set of languages that matches the inventory that you have specified appears below the table. This set of languages consists of the languages whose phonological inventories possess the phonemes in blue and lack the ones in red.

The default setting of the table excludes very rare segments. To include all segments in the table, including very rare ones, click the SHOW MORE PHONEMES label at the bottom of the table. Scroll down to see more.


ConsonantsLabialDentalAlveolarPost-
alveolar
RetroflexPalatalVelarPost-velar/
unspecified
Aspirated stop/affricatepʲʰt̪ʰd̪ʰtʲʰtsʰtsʲʰtʃʰʈʰʈʂʰkʲʰ
Glottalized stop/affricateʔbɓ̥ɓt̪ʼtʲʼt◌̰ʔdtsʼʔdʒɗ̥ɗtʃʼʈʼʈʂʼɟ̰ʄkʲʼkʷʼkʷ̰kʷ◌̰ɡ̰ɠ
Plain/voiced stop/affricateppsʰbbbzt̪ʙtʰtʰddtstsʲdztʃʲʈɖʈʂɖʐcʰcʰɟɟcçɟʝkʰkʰkʷkʷːkʷʲɡɡːɡʷkpqɢʔʔʲ
Prenasalized stop/affricatempmpʲmɸʲmbmbʲntntʲnsnsʲndndʲntsndzndzʲntʃndʒɳʈʂɳɖʐŋkŋɡŋɡʷ
Fricativeɸɸʲββʲfvθθʲðszʃʒʒ̺ʂʐɕʝxxlɣɣʷχχʷʁh
Nasalʰmmɱʰnnɲʰɲɲ̰ɲːɲ̥ŋŋʷŋ̥N
Approx./trill/tap/flapβ̞ʋʙð̞ɹrʰɾɾɾ̃ɾʲʔɾɻɽʰɽʰjjɰʰwwʔwʕʀ
Lateralɬɺ̥lɺɮɭɭʲʎkl
VowelsFrontCentralBack
Highiḭ̃ĩːyɪɪ̃ɪːʏɨɨ̃ɨ̰ɨːɨ̃ːɨ̘ɨiʉʉ̃ʉːɯɯ̃ɯ̰ɯːɯ̃ːɯiuṵ̃ũːʊʊ̃ʊː
Mideḛ̃ẽːeuøøːø̃ɛɛ̃ɛːɛ̃ːœœ̃əə̃ə̰ə̰̃əːə̃ːɘɵɵːɜɤɤ̃ɤːoõ̰õːõʲʌʌ̃ʌːʌ̃ːɔɔ̃ɔːɔ̃ː
Lowææ̃æːæ̃ːaã̰ãːãʲaʲːɐ̃ɑɑ̃ɑ̰ɑːɒɒ̃ɒːɒ̃ː
Suprasegmental:
tonenasal_harmonylaryngeal_harmony
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Matches: 999
Kaingang
Tena Quechua
Yine
Siona
Tehuelche
Yurakaré
Cashinahua
Bora
Hixkaryána
San Martin Quechua
Bakairí (Eastern dialect)
Wayana
Carijona
Camsá
Nonuya
Secoya del Putumayo
Tuparí
Guajajára
Emberá-Baudó
Cavineña
Iquito
Muisca
Jarawara
Shuar
North Junín Quechua (San Pedro de Cajas dialect)
Tuyuca
Sharanawa
Katukína (Panoan)
Tupinambá
Kamayurá
Ese Eja (Peru)
Amundava
Yukpa (Macoíta)
Epena
Border Kuna
Chachapoyas Quechua
Taushiro
Sateré-Mawé
Kotiria
Trió
Mebengokre
Huitoto, Minica
Uru
Krinkati-Timbira
Ayoreo
Bésɨro
Krahô
Tapieté
Carib (Suriname dialect)
Toba (Takshek dialect)
Guajá
Secoya del Aguarico
Barí
Waorani
Ancash Quechua (Sihuas and Corongo dialects)
Ashéninka (Ucayali-Yurúa dialect)
Mawayana
Lule
Aʔɨwa
Huaylas-Conchucos Quechua
Koreguaje
Achagua
Tanimuca-Retuarã
Kawesqar
Lokono
Yukpa (de Irapa)
Nomatsigenga
Awetí
Arikapú
Cofán
Matsigenka
Kogi
Arára do Mato Grosso
Bakairí (Western dialect)
Chiriguano (Chané dialect)
Zo'é
Tsimané
Sanumá
Yanomama of Papiu
Ese Ejja (Bolivia)
Xavánte
Nukini
Kaingáng, São Paulo
Desano
Xokleng
Nanti
Jamamadí
Yagua
Chorote (Iyo'wujwa and Iyowa'ja dialects)
Shipibo
Matís
Asuriní do Tocantins
Sanömá of Kolulu
Sabanê
Salasca Quechua
Candoshi-Shapra
Ignaciano
Jaqaru
Emberá-Catío
Omagua
Northern Emberá
Palikúr
Kadiwéu
Vilela
Waurá
Enawené-Nawé
Nukak
Máíhɨki
Pemon (Arekuna dialect)
Yaathe
Miraña
Kithaulhu
Ferreñafe Quechua
Alacalufe (Southern)
Paresí
Panare
Tsáfiki
Damana
Parakanã
Xerénte
Mỹky
Mosetén de Covendo
Yuqui
Maka
Kuruáya
Emerillon
Japreria
Kaapor
Pemon (Tarepang dialect)
Macushi
Chipaya
Günün Yajich
Xiriâna
Bolivian Quechua (Northern and Southern dialects)
Baniwa (Central)
Tucano
Suruí
Arára, Pará
Ashéninka (Pichis dialect)
Kwaza
Mocoví
Ika
Kayabí
Gavião do Pará
Kaxuiâna
Alacalufe (Central)
Napo Quichua
Iñapari
Achuar-Shiwiar
Baniwa (Rio Negro)
Arara do Acre
Chácobo
Callawaya
Chimila
Amahuaca
Saynawa
Mamaindé
Itonama
Sirionó
Pilagá
Inga (Jungle dialect)
Woun Meu
Macuna
Yánesha
Urarina
Carib (French Guiana dialect)
Poyanáwa
Chamacoco
Baure
Ashéninka (Apurucayali dialect)
Panará
Pumé
Cha'palaa
Canela
Yucuna
Arabela
Júma
Puinave
Aguaruna
Makuráp
Mosetén de Santa Ana
Cholón
Mbyá
Karirí-Xocó (Dzubukuá dialect)
Guarayu
Caquinte
Tacana
Jauja-Huanca Quechua
Kubeo
Wichí (Mision la Paz dialect)
Chaná
Korubo
Umotína
Huitoto, Murui
Kaxararí
Mehináku
Aché
Asháninka
Páez
Kaiwá
Warao
Paumarí
Tapayuna
Yanomamö
Mochica
Sakirabiá
Pacahuara
Siriano
Terêna
Chamicuro
Tapirapé
Leco
Cayubaba
Akurio
Ingarikó
Sápara
Yanomamɨ of Venezuela
Paraujano
Pisamira
Yavitero
Ikpeng
Reyesano
Parkateje
Huallaga Huánuco Quechua
Curripaco
Akuntsú
Sáliba
Apiaká
Abipon
Shiwilu
Gavião do Jiparaná
Inga (Highland dialect)
Yuhup
Avá-Canoeiro
Matsés
Yabarana
Pémono
Mapudungun
Yora
Wayampi (Alto Jarí dialect)
Ofayé
Manchinere
Apurinã
Yameo
Waimiri-Atroarí
Andoke
Nadëb
Kokama-Kokamilla
Hup
Uru-Eu-Wau-Wau
Muinane
Ayacucho Quechua
Cuiba
Tariana
Shawi
North Junín Quechua (Tarma dialect)
Tembé
Yurutí
Ashéninka (Perené dialect)
Yanomámi
Cabiyarí
Kuikúro-Kalapálo
Trinitario
Guahibo
Yãroamë of Serra do Pacu/Ajarani
Kinikinao
Rikbaktsa
Asurini do Xingú
Piapoco
Xetá
Nhandeva
Guató
Jabutí
Latunde
Yanomamɨ of Parawau
Muylaq' Aymara
Maxakalí
Muniche
Dâw
Cashibo-Cacataibo
Piaroa
Wayoró
Kakua
Wari'
Tatuyo
Mundurukú
Mako
Amarakaeri
Yaminawa
Huambisa
Warekena
Ninam of Ericó
Wayampi (Ampari dialect)
Jurúna
Trumai
Guambiano
Yahgan
Santiago del Estero Quechua
Hoti
Awa-Cuaiquer
Paraguayan Guaraní
Wayúu
Karitiâna
Imbabura Quichua
Krenak
Wapichana
Cuzco-Collao Quechua
Puri
Araona
Apalaí
Panobo
Suyá
Resígaro
Karapanã
Yekwana
Waimaha
Xipaya
Karajá
Omurano
Pirahã
Suruahá
Borôro
Baré
Capanahua
Kunza
Yanomae of Demini/Tototopi
Mapoyo
Toba (Lañagashik dialect)
Barasana-Eduria
Kulina
Aikanã
Macaguán
Carib (Venezuela dialect)
Oro Win
Katukína
Kanoé
Shanenawa
Yawalapití
Tenharim
Andoa
Tinigua
Chiriguano (Izoceño dialect)
Waiwai
Emberá-Chamí
Piratapuyo
Ticuna of Cushillococha
Apinayé
Chulupí
Aymara (Chilean dialect)
Tunebo (Central dialect)
Yawanawa
Selk'nam
Ticuna of San Martín de Amacayacu
Cajamarca Quechua
Dení
Movima
Araweté
Aymara (Central dialect)
Karo
Ocaina
Pai Tavytera
Nheengatú
Guayabero