Individual session wordlists

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Review wordlists from individual sessions here to avoid repeated elicitation. Remember to post whether your session is group or individual, and try to indicate roughly when it will be happening so that later sessions can adjust their lists to avoid duplicating the work of earlier sessions if they wish.

The old Bari vocab can be found here if you want to transfer wordlists to this page.



IE for Tuesday Oct. 30

I've encountered a suffix (?) -iida, ida (?) that appears to convey aspectual information. I think I will look at lexical aspect, and also prepare for my talk Thursday by eliciting some information on verb phrases, namely obliques.

IE for Tuesday Oct. 23

I will be filling out the rest of the paradigm for 'cook' and 'wash' that I've neglected.

IE & GE for Tuesday Oct. 16

Quickly, I want to check in IE whether getting some similarity of the forms elicited for 3sg and 3 pl. was due to ambiguity of English 'they' being used in elicitation. That shouldn't take very long.

  • he/she cooked
  • they (a group of people) cooked

I want to check to see how obligatory pronouns are. I understand yesterday can't be inserted between what I believe to be 3sg marker and the verb.

  • Who cooked
  • Oana cooked
  • She cooked
  • Who cooked rice?
  • She cooked rice
  • Oana cooked rice
  • Somebody cooked rice.
  • Oana she cooked rice.
  • She cooked rice yesterday

I also have list of adjectives I've been carrying around for a while I want to use.

  • light
  • heavy
  • dull
  • sharp
  • rough
  • smooth

And a few sentences for VP data

  • I see
  • I see the rock
  • I see the rock through the water
  • I threw
  • I threw the rock
  • I threw the rock into the water.

I will probably work on some extra material for tomorrow just in case but will stick with some variations of what I have here.

IE & GE for Tuesday Oct. 9


  • lakes
  • oceans
  • creams/oils
  • waters?


  • doctor(s)
  • sickness, disease
  • ripple(s)
  • hole(s)
  • knot(s)
  • desert(s)
  • young man/men ? (young woman is listed)
  • star(s)
  • family(s)

VERBS (not paradigms, hunting for more consonant minimal pairs)

  • to fall
  • to fly
  • to think
  • to lie
  • to float
  • to dig
  • to breathe
  • to scratch
  • to touch
  • to point
  • to tie
  • to push
  • to pull

IE & GE for Tuesday Oct. 2

edited post session, sharing results.

  • bag(s) ---- no word save for French
  • basket(s) ---French
  • ash(es) --- yes, sg and plural
  • mountain(s) --- yes, same as stone, sg and plural
  • what are sarong's made of? (traditional women's clothing) --- Sereer word for cotton
  • braid (noun and verb) -- yes, sg and pl
  • what do you call what you eat with? plates, etc. --- water containers big and small, handles same as horn?, spoon made from a hard fruit? sg and pl, plate same as cover sg and pl
  • party, feast --- yes, sg and pl
  • famine, when people are starving (same sg and pl, odd to think of pl) - related to I am hungry, also elicited. "when you don't have anything" (poverty?) also elicited.

--Kayla 08:04, 1 October 2012 (UTC) My goal is to elicit as many nouns as possible in the allotted time that seem to be missing from lexicon, and these lists.

IE & GE for Tuesday Sept. 25

. --Kayla 17:34, 25 September 2012 (UTC)

  • How do you say, "x"?
  • Can you say it again?

Verbs - Imperatives and Future Tense

  • come here
  • come here (2+more)
  • wash your hair
  • wash your hair (2+more)
  • wash your hands
  • wash your hands (2+more)
  • wash your clothes
  • wash your clothes (2+more)
  • wash yourself until clean
  • I will wash my clothes tomorrow
  • I am going to wash myself clean
  • swim!
  • shut/close (it)!
  • swim! (two or more)
  • I will swim
  • You will swim
  • He/She/It will swim
  • They will swim
  • You all will swim.

Verb Paradigms - To Cook

  • to cook
  • you cook (imperative)
  • you cook (imperative two or more)
  • will you cook?
  • are you cooking?
  • I will cook
  • You will cook
  • You will cook (2+)
  • They will cook
  • We will cook
  • He/she/it will cook
  • I cooked
  • You cooked
  • He/She/It cooked
  • They cooked
  • I cooked yesterday
  • I cooked today
  • I am cooking
  • I am cooking right now

IE on September 18, 2012, posted post session

  • shirt(s)
  • shoe(s)
  • pant(s)
  • hat(s)
  • sock(s)
  • sarong(s) (no skirt, dress)
  • earring(s)
  • necklace(s)
  • a lot
  • egg(s)
  • eggshell(s)
  • seed(s)
  • thorn(s)
  • field(s)

GE September 13, 2012

  • water, drinking water
  • river(s)
  • ocean
  • lake
  • rain
  • soup (skipped, there are individual soups with various names)
  • grease, oil, cream
  • dirt/sand
  • clay
  • mud


GE Tues. Nov. 13, 2012

  • I will elicit Qs and As involving quantification: some, all, none, part of...
  • I will explore some form of "there is/are"
  • My stimuli will include physical attributes, so as to get more modification

IE Tues. Oct. 23, 2012

  • A variety of manipulations of adjective-noun patterns, copular clauses, and other modifications.
  • Emotion adjectives and attribute adjectives.

IE & GE Tues. Oct. 16, 2012

  • Complete some verb paradigms for existing verbs and hope I stumble on new TAM features. At some point there seemed to be a perfect emerging, I want to try to pinpoint it.
  • We have articles. I want to generate more of the existing nouns with their articles; combine them with a modification; elicit a possible indefinite article.
  • (New verbs: cease, stop, start, begin, interrupt)

IE Tues. Oct. 9, 2012

  • little monkey
  • little chicks
  • bone, bones
  • jujubes
  • wind
  • hand, hands
  • lip, lips
  • bed, beds
  • to fly
  • to use
  • to do, to make
  • to know
  • to believe, sing
  • to think
  • to sneeze
  • to pass, to hand
  • elongate
  • pass nearby
  • full, empty

IE (and GE) Tues. Oct. 2, 2012

  • kill
  • follow
  • weave
  • tired, energetic
  • stingy, generous
  • old, young
  • ugly, beautiful
  • buy
  • sell
  • chew
  • smell
  • swallow
  • taste

Singular and plural of:

  • bottle, branch, bracelet, beach, day, eyelid, field, boat, stone

Some clarifications re: plurals from previous sessions, and diminutives

GE Thurs. Sept. 13, 001

  • dog, dogs
  • cat, cats
  • bird, birds
  • pig, pigs
  • insect, insects
  • spider, spiders
  • ant, ants
  • butterfly, butterflies
  • fruit, fruit

IE Tues. Sept. 18, 2012, 00?

I am curious about pronouns, so I will elicit a couple of verbs (love, see) with a combination of subject and direct object pronouns.

  • I love you, you love me, she loves him, he loves her, I see you, you see me, etc.



Group 09?, Tues. Oct. 30

I need to start eliciting material for clause-level phenomena. I will start with:

  • polar questions
  • WH-questions (who, what, when, where, why, etc.)
  • imperatives, sg. and pl.
  • hortatives (?)

After this, a bit of derivational verbal morphology:

  • to drop (intr.), to drop (trans.)
  • to vomit, to vomit up (something)
  • to blow, to blow on (something)
  • to dream, to dream of (something)
  • to throw (any old way), to throw at
  • any expansions on the verbs we have already (just try applying suffixes to them one at a time)

If I get through this information I will likely spend a session or two going back and getting as much nominal morphology (plurals, diminutives, "articles," adjectival agreement, etc) as possible for items that have already been partially covered, mostly so that we have a better idea of the dimensions of the noun classes.


At some point I intend to begin focusing on clause-level attributes such as negation and mood. Things that I will have to look at, which anyone is free to research at any point before I get to it:

  • hortatives
  • imperatives
  • interrogatives (will likely involve studying intonation)
  • exclamatives/vocatives
  • focus (also may involve intonation)
  • evidentiality (or lack thereof!)
  • negation
  • coordination?


IE 9/26/2012

I'm going to try to get the paradigms for three verbs that are giving me trouble wiht their initial consonants:

  • swallow
  • take fruit off from a tree
  • paint, spread paste on something

GE 9/18/2012

This is the list I'm planning to start with for the next group session.

  • world
  • sun
  • moon
  • sunrise
  • sunset
  • day, days
  • morning
  • afternoon
  • night
  • week, weeks
  • month, months
  • year, years
  • sky
  • rain
  • (rain)storm
  • lightning
  • thunder
  • book, books
  • house, houses
  • window, windows
  • door, doors
  • roof, roofs
  • wall, walls
  • floor, floors


Nouns that I've thought up to add to lists, but if anyone wants to use them feel free!

  • child, children
  • woman, women
  • room, rooms
  • kitchen, kitchens
  • table, tables
  • chair, chairs
  • bed, beds
  • well, wells
  • field, fields
  • ladder, ladders
  • boat, boats
  • road, roads
  • animal, animals (general term)
  • goat, goats
  • chicken, chickens
  • rooster, roosters
  • fish, (fishes)
  • cow, cows
  • bull, bulls
  • horse, horses
  • donkey, donkeys
  • monkey, monkeys
  • wolf, wolves
  • money
  • gift, gifts


GE 9/18/2012

  • hair(s)
  • chest
  • blood
  • spit
  • belly
  • side
  • bellybutton
  • leg
  • foot
  • hip

IE 9/19/2012

I want to elicit more body part terms that we didn't cover in class, with plurals.

  • hand
  • head
  • nose
  • mouth
  • finger (does each finger have its own name?)
  • arm
  • eye
  • lips
  • ear
  • eyebrows
  • eyelashes
  • body hair
  • toes
  • fingernails
  • palm of hand
  • sole of foot
  • joint
  • knuckles
  • shoulder
  • elbow

IE 9/26/2012

I elicited some nouns that Nico and I wanted to check the pronunciation of, and then I started working on verbs. I elicited for the past, present, and future, plus all person markings for the verb 'to hit'.

  • to hit

GE 9/27/2012

I didn't elicit for modality yesterday, so I want to elicit 'should', 'would' versions of 'to hit', with past, present, future. I'd also like to do some valency-changing with 'to hit': how do you say 'I got hit (by X)', 'I made X hit it', 'I hit X with it'?

If there's time, I want to start eliciting a verb paradigm for 'to cry' (ie, a less transitive verb), with the same TAM, person, and valency (where applicable) permutations as I've elicited with 'to hit'.

  • to hit (continued)
  • to cry

IE 10/3/2012

I wanted to check phonological questions, get minimal pairs, and find more examples of uvulars. There were some repeats, but also some new information that I got by asking if Malick knew of a word that began with X sound.

  • cultivate
  • head
  • to be invincible
  • watermelon
  • to make a mistake
  • a mistake
  • to weed
  • farming
  • inlet
  • mangrove
  • mangrove seed
  • firewood
  • to bend
  • bull
  • camel

GE 10/9/2012

I collected new verbs. I collected the citation and 1s/p forms of each. The list partly comes from one that Jevon created and kindly shared with me:

  • jump
  • crawl
  • to bend over, to bow head
  • to lean
  • to swing
  • to somersault
  • to fall
  • to roll in a bed
  • to roll something


IE 9/19, GE 9/20, IE 9/26


  • livestock (general term)
  • lion/lions
  • rat/rats (mouse/mice?)
  • sheep/sheeps
  • snake/snakes (venomous term?)
  • rabbit/rabbits
  • worm/worms
  • bee/bees
  • duck/ducks
  • elephant/elephants
  • mosquito/mosquitoes
  • frog/frogs
  • turtle/turtles
  • bat/bats


  • he runs
  • he goes (to location)
  • he jumps
  • he sleeps
  • he reads/studies/takes (ambitransitive?)
  • he dies
  • he eats (intrans variant?)

(I plan to continue chipping away at the verbal paradigm - all 6 person/number combos in present tense, plus I might throw in past tense if the session moves quickly enough).



  • mother (sg/pl)
  • father (sg/pl)
  • wife (sg/pl)
  • husband (sg/pl)
  • sister (older/younger) (sg/pl)
  • brother(older/younger) (sg/pl)
  • son (sg/pl)
  • daughter (sg/pl)
  • aunt (sg/pl)
  • uncle (sg/pl)
  • cousin (sg/pl)
  • grandmother(maternal/paternal) (sg/pl)
  • grandfather(maternal/paternal) (sg/pl)
  • music
  • song (sg/pl)
  • drum (sg/pl)
  • dance(n.) (sg/pl)
  • wedding (sg/pl)
  • birthday (sg/pl)


  • hot
  • cold
  • wet
  • dry
  • tall
  • short
  • old
  • new
  • good
  • bad
  • fast
  • slow
  • near
  • far
  • soft
  • hard
  • light/bright
  • dark
  • nice
  • kind
  • mean
  • smart
  • stupid
  • high
  • low
  • tasty/delicious
  • spicy
  • sweet
  • savory
  • fat
  • thin
  • young 
  • clean 
  • dirty
  • loud
  • quiet
  • happy 
  • funny
  • sad

Carrier phrases:

  • I said…
  • You said…
  • Did you say…?
  • Where is…?
  • It is…(adj).


I-005 (18 Sep)

First I got a couple of long sentences, to get a feel for the overall sentence-level prosody.

  • I told your younger sister about the wrestler, but she didn't believe me.
  • I visited six fruit sellers at the market and bought a melon from each one.

Then I re-elicited the following words, with a particular emphasis on stop quality.

  • trees
  • rain
  • three
  • two

Then I elicited some new words. I elicited nouns with their plurals.

  • rumor (= v. to hear)
  • dance
  • gift
  • fish
  • to measure
  • (fish) scale
  • (fish) tail
  • (fish) fin
  • boat
  • bone
  • (bird) wing (also woman's head scarf)
  • to hit
  • mouth
  • shoulder (another word for wing)

G-012 (18 Sep)

  • baobab
  • baobab fruit
  • finger/s
  • butt/s
  • bark/shell/rind
  • skin/hide
  • forest
  • branch
  • root
  • yam
  • moss
  • spoiled (food/meat)
  • dank

I-023 (25 Sep)

I was looking for gender/case:

  • by the stove
  • by the tomb
  • over the beach/es
  • on top of the cat/s, grave/s, fence/s
  • over the person/people
  • over the horn/s, claw/s, tongue/s
  • by the mosquitos
  • over the mosquitos
  • by the elephant/s, frog/s
  • I saw the fence
  • I saw the person
  • The person saw me
  • young lady
  • old person

G-037 (27 Sep)

  • the (red) bird
  • the (two) (red) birds
  • the (black) pig
  • the (three) (black) pigs
  • the (white) elephant
  • the (four) (white) elephants
  • the (thirsty) dog
  • the (five) (thirsty) dogs
  • the (pretty) butterfly/ies
  • the (ugly) insect/s

I-039 (02 Oct)

New nouns related to people:

  • chief
  • leader
  • servant
  • stranger
  • friend
  • enemy
  • self
  • other person
  • rival
  • partner
  • thief
  • murderer
  • victim
  • youth (as a group)
  • childhood
  • baby
  • rite of passage
  • apprentice

And some other words that just came up:

  • hyena
  • bottle
  • trap
  • foreskin
  • to be in front
  • to share
  • to steal
  • to attend/be present
  • sickness
  • circumcision

I-053 (09 Oct)

Attempts to find derivational noun morphology.

  • to add
  • beauty
  • community
  • orphan
  • to miscarry
  • to deflate

G-067 (11 Oct)

Got some adjectives referring to personalities, and a couple of imperatives.

  • Stop laughing!
  • Keep laughing!
  • angry
  • happy
  • shy
  • clumsy
  • stable, calm
  • good (person)
  • intelligent
  • stupid, crazy

And some miscellaneous vocabulary.

  • axe
  • courageous person
  • to spill
  • eczema

Also the negative past tense.

I-072 (16 Oct)

Checking nouns that have already been elicited and firming up noun classes. No new vocabulary.


I-071 Oct 16

I'll be working on the only extant postposition, -oŋga, trying to figure out what it does. Additionally, a number of the prepositions are clearly complex in some way, so I'll be working on trying ot tease that appart, specifically whether the -na ending ones are verbal. I'll also be trying more generally to see which prepositions can be coerced into a verbal meaning, and then looking at agreement marking on transitive and intransitive verbs, since it might be showing case distinctions.

I-054 Oct 9

I will continue with adpositions and obliques, as well as trying to get some morphology and new words for phonology:

  • I placed the fish on the stump.
  • I put the book away.
  • I put the book in the box.
  • I sang.
  • I sang a sad song.
  • I screamed.
  • I screamed at the dog.
  • I hit him.
  • He hit me
  • The big fish ate the small dog.
  • The big dog ate the small fish.
  • The dog came to me.
  • I came to the dog.

Temporal phrases:

  • throughout the day
  • before the dawn
  • after sunset
  • during the night
  • at midday
  • until tomorrow
  • since yesterday

I-040 Oct 2

I elicited most of these, and some other words that are all in the lexicon.

  • from the child
  • to the child
  • toward the field
  • toward the road
  • toward the child
  • in the cold water
  • behind the blue house
  • in front of the house
  • on top of the house
  • around the house
  • inside of the house
  • outside of the house
  • for the bird
  • without the bird
  • around the bird
  • inside the pot
  • outside the pot
  • on the wall
  • on the small dog
  • on the big table
  • through the field
  • along the beach
  • far from the field
  • close to the field
  • above the field

G-038 Sept 27

I clarified some pronunciations and then elicited a number of new words (which I will have annotated and in the dictionary by Friday evening):

I-024 Sept 24

I elicited prepositional phrases from Jevon's list, above, repeated below. (I'm working on the textgrid now and will post them to the wiki soon)

  • with the knife
  • with the woman
  • without the knife (translated lit. as "the knife is not part of it/with it)
  • no knife (wd order was variable)
  • I give the woman a knife (knife and woman can switch order)
  • I give the dog a bone
  • I am doing something for the woman
  • for the women
  • the dog's (X is owned by the dog) has a shorter fast speech version
  • the women's (it's for the women)
  • for the child
  • I am walking toward the house
  • at the house
  • behind the house
  • behind the tree
  • behind the trees
  • amidst the trees
  • between, at the middle between the trees
  • by/next to the tree
  • by the trees
  • at the tree (i.e the border of tree and grass)
  • under the tree
  • under the blanket
  • toward the tree
  • toward the trees
  • face
  • I am facing
  • I am going towards/I am towards
  • I am going
  • near the tree
  • far from the tree
  • not close to the tree

I/G Session for Sept 12/18

In this interest of vowel quality, I'll be re-checking some vowels of words we already have, and eliciting new words as well as checking short phrases.

  • red
  • black
  • white
  • green
  • blue
  • yellow
  • a
  • the

For the group session, I will elicit body parts, hopefully these (with plurals):

  • head
  • mouth
  • chin
  • nose
  • cheek
  • eye
  • eyebrow
  • eyelash
  • ear
  • hair
  • arm
  • shoulder
  • elbow
  • hand
  • finger
  • back
  • belly
  • leg
  • knee
  • foot
  • toe
  • heart
  • liver
  • brain
  • blood
  • skin
  • bone
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