The Circle is a weekly forum dedicated to discussion of the descriptive, experimental, and theoretical study of syntax and semantics, featuring presentations of ongoing research by members of the Berkeley Linguistics Department and other departments, as well as discussion of previously published works.
1303 Dwinelle Hall
Erik Hans Maier
University of California, Berkeley
Department of Linguistics
Everyone who wants to can have up to 5-10 minutes to discuss any topic related to syntax or semantics, whether an idea, a question, a problem, a controversy, or an interesting theory. Names will be drawn from a hat, so the order of turns will be random. Share whatever's been on your mind!
Eric Potsdam (University of Florida) Analyses of Extraposition: The View from Madagascar
There is no shortage of analyses of extraposition—the placement of various clause-internal constituents in a right-peripheral position. The
Austronesian language Malagasy (Madagascar) shows wide use of extraposition. Canonical word order is VOXS but most constituents can optionally
extrapose to a position to the right of the subject, yielding VOSX word order. In this talk I survey existing analyses of extraposition and evaluate
the Malagasy patterns against them: A' movement (Ross 1967, others), base generation (Rochemont & Culicover 1990), Stranding (Kayne 1994, Sheehan
2010), PF movement (Göbbel 2007), Ellipsis (de Vries 2009), and Processing Efficiency (Hawkins 2014). Because Malagasy is strongly head-initial and
shows unusual VOS word order, it allows us to decide between a number of the proposals. Data from a wide range of phenomena support a traditional A'
movement approach (as defended in Büring & Hartmann 1997 for German).
Amy Rose Deal (UC Berkeley) Interaction and satisfaction in phi-agreement
Gregory Scontras (Stanford) Topic TBA
Andreas Walker (University of Konstanz; UC Santa Cruz) Topic TBA
Jason Merchant (University of Chicago) Roots, selection, and locality
No Meeting (Thanksgiving Break)