South American Phonological Inventory Database (SAPhon v1.1.4)

 
[ESPAÑOL] [PORTUGUÊS]



Find language by phonemes

This search tool allows you to find languages by specifying which phonemes are present in their phonological inventories and/or by specifying phonemes which phonemes are absent from their inventories.

To include phonemes in an inventory, or to exclude them, click on the chart below. To include a particular phoneme in the inventory, click on the appropriate IPA symbol in the chart below, so that it turns blue, like this: t. To exclude a particular phoneme from the inventory, click on the appropriate IPA symbol twice, so that it turns red, like this: t. Clicking on an IPA symbol a third time will deselect it entirely. Note also that you can click on the RESET label in the lower right hand corner of the table to deselect all symbols.

The set of languages that matches the inventory that you have specified appears below the table. This set of languages consists of the languages whose phonological inventories possess the phonemes in blue and lack the ones in red.

The default setting of the table excludes very rare segments. To include all segments in the table, including very rare ones, click the SHOW MORE PHONEMES label at the bottom of the table. Scroll down to see more.


ConsonantsLabialDentalAlveolarPost-
alveolar
RetroflexPalatalVelarPost-velar/
unspecified
Aspirated stop/affricatepʲʰt̪ʰd̪ʰtʲʰtsʰtsʲʰtʃʰʈʰʈʂʰkʲʰ
Glottalized stop/affricatep'ʔbɓ̥ɓt̪'t'tʲ't◌̰ʔdts'ʔdʒɗ̥ɗtʃ'ʈ'ʈʂ'c'ɟ̰ʄk'kʲ'kʷ'kʷ̰kʷ◌̰ɡ̰ɠq'
Plain/voiced stop/affricatepp:psʰbbb:bzt̪ʙtʰtt:ʰddd:tstsʲdztʃʲʈɖʈʂɖʐcʰcʰɟɟcçɟʝkʰkk:ʰkʷkʷ:kʷʲɡɡ:ɡʷkpqɢʔʔʲ
Prenasalized stop/affricatempmpʲmɸʲmbmbʲntntʲnsnsʲndndʲntsndzndzʲntʃndʒɳʈʂɳɖʐŋkŋɡŋɡʷ
Fricativeɸɸʲββʲfvθθʲðss'zʃʒʒ̺ʂʐɕʝxxlɣɣʷχχʷʁh
Nasalʰmmm'm:ɱʰnnn:ɲʰɲɲ̰ɲ:ɲ̥ŋŋʷŋ̥N
Approx./trill/tap/flapβ̞ʋʙð̞ɹrʰɾɾɾ̃ɾʲʔɾɻɽʰɽʰjjj'j:ɰʰwww'w:ʔwʕʀ
Lateralɬɺ̥ll'l:ɺɮɭɭʲʎkl
VowelsFrontCentralBack
Highiḭ̃i:ĩ:yɪɪ̃ɪ:ʏɨɨ̃ɨ̰ɨ:ɨ̃:ɨ̘ɨiʉʉ̃ʉ:ɯɯ̃ɯ̰ɯ:ɯ̃:ɯiuṵ̃u:ũ:ʊʊ̃ʊ:
Mideḛ̃e:ẽ:euøø:ø̃ɛɛ̃ɛ:ɛ̃:œœ̃əə̃ə̰ə̰̃ə:ə̃:ɘɵɵ:ɜɤɤ̃ɤ:oõ̰o:õ:õʲʌʌ̃ʌ:ʌ̃:ɔɔ̃ɔ:ɔ̃:
Lowææ̃æ:æ̃:aã̰a:ã:ãʲaʲ:ɐ̃ɑɑ̃ɑ̰ɑ:ɒɒ̃ɒ:ɒ̃:
Suprasegmental:
tonenasal_harmonylaryngeal_harmony
SHOW MORE PHONEMES SHOW FEWER PHONEMES    RESET

Matches: 999
Abipon
Achagua
Aché
Achuar-Shiwiar
Aguaruna
Aikanã
Aʔɨwa
Akuntsú
Akurio
Alacalufe (Central)
Alacalufe (Southern)
Amahuaca
Amarakaeri
Amundava
Ancash Quechua (Sihuas and Corongo dialects)
Andoa
Andoke
Apalaí
Apiaká
Apinayé
Apurinã
Arabela
Araona
Arára do Mato Grosso
Arára, Pará
Araweté
Arikapú
Asháninka
Ashéninka (Apurucayali dialect)
Ashéninka (Perené dialect)
Ashéninka (Pichis dialect)
Ashéninka (Ucayali-Yurúa dialect)
Asuriní do Tocantins
Asurini do Xingú
Avá-Canoeiro
Awa-Cuaiquer
Awetí
Ayacucho Quechua
Aymara (Central dialect)
Aymara (Chilean dialect)
Muylaq' Aymara
Ayoreo
Bakairí (Eastern dialect)
Bakairí (Western dialect)
Baniwa (Rio Negro)
Baniwa (Central)
Barasana-Eduria
Baré
Barí
Baure
Bésɨro
Bolivian Quechua (Northern and Southern dialects)
Bora
Borôro
Cabiyarí
Kakua
Cajamarca Quechua
Callawaya
Camsá
Candoshi-Shapra
Canela
Capanahua
Caquinte
Carib (Suriname dialect)
Carib (French Guiana dialect)
Carib (Venezuela dialect)
Carijona
Cashibo-Cacataibo
Cashinahua
Cavineña
Cayubaba
Chachapoyas Quechua
Chácobo
Chamacoco
Chamicuro
Chaná
Cha'palaa
Chimila
Chipaya
Chiriguano (Chané dialect)
Chiriguano (Izoceño dialect)
Cholón
Chorote (Iyo'wujwa and Iyowa'ja dialects)
Chulupí
Cofán
Cuiba
Curripaco
Cuzco-Collao Quechua
Damana
Dâw
Dení
Desano
Emberá-Baudó
Emberá-Catío
Emberá-Chamí
Northern Emberá
Emerillon
Enawené-Nawé
Epena
Ese Eja (Peru)
Ese Ejja (Bolivia)
Ferreñafe Quechua
Gavião do Jiparaná
Gavião do Pará
Guahibo
Guajá
Guajajára
Guambiano
Paraguayan Guaraní
Guarayu
Guató
Guayabero
Günün Yajich
Hixkaryána
Hoti
Huallaga Huánuco Quechua
Huambisa
Huaylas-Conchucos Quechua
Huitoto, Minica
Huitoto, Murui
Hup
Ignaciano
Ika
Ikpeng
Imbabura Quichua
Inga (Highland dialect)
Inga (Jungle dialect)
Ingarikó
Iñapari
Iquito
Mỹky
Itonama
Jabutí
Jamamadí
Japreria
Jaqaru
Jarawara
Jauja-Huanca Quechua
Júma
Jurúna
Kaapor
Kadiwéu
Kaingang
Kaingáng, São Paulo
Kaiwá
Kamayurá
Kanoé
Karajá
Karapanã
Karirí-Xocó (Dzubukuá dialect)
Karitiâna
Karo
Katukína
Katukína (Panoan)
Kawesqar
Kaxararí
Kaxuiâna
Kayabí
Kinikinao
Kithaulhu
Kogi
Kokama-Kokamilla
Koreguaje
Korubo
Kotiria
Krahô
Krenak
Krinkati-Timbira
Kubeo
Kuikúro-Kalapálo
Kulina
Border Kuna
Kunza
Kuruáya
Kwaza
Latunde
Leco
Lokono
Lule
Macaguán
Macuna
Macushi
Máíhɨki
Maka
Mako
Makuráp
Mamaindé
Manchinere
Mapoyo
Mapudungun
Matís
Matsés
Matsigenka
Mawayana
Maxakalí
Mbyá
Mebengokre
Mehináku
Miraña
Mochica
Mocoví
Mosetén de Covendo
Mosetén de Santa Ana
Movima
Muinane
Muisca
Mundurukú
Muniche
Nadëb
Nanti
Napo Quichua
Nhandeva
Nheengatú
Ninam of Ericó
North Junín Quechua (San Pedro de Cajas dialect)
North Junín Quechua (Tarma dialect)
Nomatsigenga
Nonuya
Nukak
Nukini
Ocaina
Ofayé
Omagua
Omurano
Oro Win
Pacahuara
Páez
Pai Tavytera
Palikúr
Panará
Panare
Panobo
Parakanã
Paraujano
Paresí
Parkateje
Paumarí
Pemon (Arekuna dialect)
Pémono
Pemon (Tarepang dialect)
Piapoco
Piaroa
Pilagá
Pirahã
Piratapuyo
Pisamira
Poyanáwa
Puinave
Pumé
Puri
Resígaro
Reyesano
Rikbaktsa
Sabanê
Sakirabiá
Salasca Quechua
Sáliba
San Martin Quechua
Sanömá of Kolulu
Santiago del Estero Quechua
Sanumá
Sápara
Sateré-Mawé
Saynawa
Secoya del Aguarico
Secoya del Putumayo
Selk'nam
Shanenawa
Sharanawa
Arara do Acre
Shawi
Shipibo
Shiwilu
Shuar
Siona
Siriano
Sirionó
Suruahá
Suruí
Suyá
Tacana
Tanimuca-Retuarã
Tapayuna
Tapieté
Tapirapé
Tariana
Tatuyo
Taushiro
Tehuelche
Tembé
Tena Quechua
Tenharim
Terêna
Ticuna of San Martín de Amacayacu
Ticuna of Cushillococha
Tinigua
Toba (Lañagashik dialect)
Toba (Takshek dialect)
Trinitario
Trió
Trumai
Tsáfiki
Tsimané
Tucano
Tunebo (Central dialect)
Tuparí
Tupinambá
Tuyuca
Umotína
Urarina
Uru
Uru-Eu-Wau-Wau
Vilela
Waimaha
Waimiri-Atroarí
Waiwai
Waorani
Wapichana
Warao
Warekena
Wari'
Waurá
Wayampi (Alto Jarí dialect)
Wayampi (Ampari dialect)
Wayana
Wayoró
Wayúu
Wichí (Mision la Paz dialect)
Woun Meu
Xavánte
Xerénte
Xetá
Xipaya
Xiriâna
Xokleng
Yaathe
Yabarana
Yagua
Yahgan
Yameo
Yaminawa
Yánesha
Yanomae of Demini/Tototopi
Yanomama of Papiu
Yanomámi
Yanomamɨ of Parawau
Yanomamɨ of Venezuela
Yanomamö
Yãroamë of Serra do Pacu/Ajarani
Yavitero
Yawalapití
Yawanawa
Yekwana
Yine
Yora
Yucuna
Yuhup
Yukpa (de Irapa)
Yukpa (Macoíta)
Yuqui
Yurakaré
Yurutí
Zo'é